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6 signs of gum and bone disease

Periodontal disease is an infection affecting the soft tissue and bone surrounding your teeth. The initial form of the disease (gingivitis) is an infection of the gum tissue only.  If the infection is allowed to progress, it may develop into periodontitis which is an infection involving the gum and bone tissue.         

“Periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a sticky substance containing harmful bacteria and their byproducts” said Mark B. Whaley, an aesthetic and general dentist in Brentwood,Tenn.  “If the dental plaque is not removed from the tooth surface on a daily basis, it may damage your supporting gum and bone tissues so vital to a healthy mouth.”  

If you have any of the follows signs or symptoms of gum disease, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible:  

Gingivitis  - Disease that primarily affects the gums surrounding your teeth 

  • Red, swollen gums 
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss 
  • Gums that are sore to brush or floss 

Periodontitis - Disease that affects the gums and bone surrounding your teeth. 

  • Changes in how your teeth fit together when you bite down 
  • Frequent or constant bad breath (Halitosis) 
  • Loose teeth 
  • Gums that are pulling away from your teeth 

If you have any of these signs or symptoms, visit your dentist for a periodontal evaluation.  To prevent gum disease, follow an oral hygiene routine that includes brushing twice a day and flossing at least once daily. 

For more information about Dr. Whaley, visit Do you need a primary care doctor? Call 1-800-Doctors for a free physician referral. 

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