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5 things to know about carbs and diabetes

Lori Black, nutritionist at Saint Thomas West Hospital, provides a brief carb guide for diabetics.

**if you are a diabetic it is important to know what types of foods to eliminate and what types are okay to eat. Diabetics should monitor their carb consumption and eat certain carbs.

  • Fruit – fruit contains carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and fiber. Eating whole fruit is more beneficial than drinking fruit juice because whole fruit contains fiber. If you are going to eat canned fruit you need to dilute it with water to eliminate excess sugar. Dried and frozen fruit should not contain added sugar.
  • Starchy vegetables – peas, corn, potatoes, pumpkins and sweet potatoes are high in starch and elevate blood sugar. It is okay to eat starchy vegetables but do so in moderation to avoid raising your blood sugar levels.
  • Grains – whole grains are recommended. Try eating brown rice, whole-grain pasta and bread, wild rice, buckwheat, popcorn and oatmeal – these foods are great sources of fiber and help regulate blood sugar and are also benefiting for the heart.
  • Processed foods – limit processed foods – they contain added sugars and carbs that can raise blood sugar levels. Processed foods tend to be high in calories and low in nutrients and can contribute to other chronic illnesses.
  • Dairy – consume dairy products that are low or non-fat and have no added sugar. Flavored milk and fruit yogurts are high in sugar and carbs and should be limited. If possible, try consuming plain yogurt and regular milk.

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